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The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy (Cambridge

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By Dale Wright on September 30, 2016 in Buddhist Enlightenment That there are good reasons to conclude that the meaning of "enlightenment" in Buddhism is evolving beyond individual spirituality toward deeper communal sensibilities. Anyone with knowledge about frontal lobe tumours and frontal lobe syndrome will know that pathology in this area causes disinhibition and accentuation of previously present tendencies. Though there is wide divergence as to theories of ethics, there is a fundamental agreement among men regarding the general lines of conduct desirable in public and private life.
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Ethical Traditions

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Pedro was not really very different from all men, at least in that. A person who knows the difference between right and wrong and chooses right is moral. Present tense is used when referencing a published work, while past tense is favored on these pages because the major figures are… dead. The better option is to go to a shop and order or plant one’s own flowers. Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are morally right in virtue of their motives, which must derive more from duty than from inclination.
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Equality and Preferential Treatment: A Philosophy & Public

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Laws, or a legal system with a lack of adequate laws, can also have wrong or immoral consequences even if the contents of particular laws are not unjust. Another individual might judge that cola addiction is wrong and that therefore the addicted person's personality is of a low grade; that the addicted person has faults. Ethics of Care was developed mainly by Feminist writers (e.g. Existing AI systems already raise numerous ethical issues: for example, machine classification systems raise questions about privacy and bias.
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Soldier, Sage, Saint: New Titles of Related Interest

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Constitution to require unvaccinated children to stay home during outbreaks, and to impose vaccines or quarantine on unvaccinated citizens in declared emergencies. Thus acts or policies are viewed as "good" if they benefit human individuals or communities. (A more generous view would place non-human but sentient creatures in the suburbs of our moral concern). May be taken for credit three times with changed content. Nowadays, however, many would regard Kant as being overly optimistic about the depth and extent of moral agreement.
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Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral

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Aristotle noted with respect to justice that, “Justice is giving someone what they deserve.” He died in 322 B. Two objectivists screaming at each about abortion from opposite extremes of the issue, each one certain that the other is absolutely wrong, is not an edifying sight. In meta-ethics, judgmental properties within a situation are investigated. A number of factors make up the context, including factors of time and place, the type and nature of the relationships involved, other people's reasonable expectations, and the relevant history of the situation.
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Between Nihilism and Politics: The Hermeneutics of Gianni

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Philosophy & Public Affairs, Winter, 1982. � Ethics. May be repeated for credit, with permission and different content, for a maximum of 12 hours. I do not write my name in my books because I can will that others should do so; I do so in order to keep them from getting lost. My particular interest in this subject is whether relativism, which is a belief about beliefs, is an adequate or workable foundation for ethics. Part of this process involves determining what is right and good to value, and providing justification for the very goal of morality.
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Morals In Evolution; A Study in Comparative Ethics

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For more on this distinction see the notes on the Case Study: Moral Rules and Ethical Standards. c. J.: Rowman and Allanheld), pp 1-24. 2007: "Referring to Moral Properties: Moral Twin Earth, Again," Morality in a Natural World (CUP), pp. 230-245. 2006: “The Ontology of Putnam’s Ethics Without Ontology ,” Contemporary Pragmatism, 3, pp. 39-53. 2005: “Moral Naturalism and Three Grades of Normativity”, in Peter Schaber, ed., Normativity and Naturalism (Frankfurt: Ontos-Verlag), pp. 7-45.
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The Augustinian Imperative: A Reflection on the Politics of

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The subjects may believe they are acting ethically, even if the ethics do not align with the researchers' own. Does he will knowledge and discernment, perhaps it might prove to be only an eye so much the sharper to show him so much the more fearfully the evils that are now concealed from him, and that cannot be avoided, or to impose more wants on his desires, which already give him concern enough. Others have raised doubts, however, about whether Kantians can so easily avoid engaging in metaethical debates (Hussain & Shaw 2013).
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The Life and Letters of James Martineau

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May be taken for credit six times with changed content. Ice hockey, for example, seems to be of far more interest to Canadians than it is to Americans. This seems to best serve the public good. He concludes his analysis by considering conflicts of rights between animals and humans. For Hobbes and Locke, the external political good of order is a result of individuals pursuing a material conception of happiness and avoiding chaos.
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A Treatise of Human Nature, Vol. 1 of 3 (Classic Reprint)

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Paul published in the Journal of Religion and Society stated that, "In general, higher rates of belief in and worship of a creator correlate with higher rates of homicide, juvenile and early adult mortality, STD infection rates, teen pregnancy, and abortion in the prosperous democracies," and "In all secular developing democracies a centuries long-term trend has seen homicide rates drop to historical lows" with the exceptions being the United States (with a high religiosity level) and "theistic" Portugal. [53] [d] In a response, Gary Jensen builds on and refines Paul's study. [54] His conclusion is that a "complex relationship" exists between religiosity and homicide "with some dimensions of religiosity encouraging homicide and other dimensions discouraging it".
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